Coop Introduces a Ban on Fluorinated Substances in Cosmetics and Personal Care Products

Working from a precautionary principle, Coop prohibits all fluorinated substances, the so-called PFAS (perfluoroalkylated substances), in cosmetic products and personal care products from all trademarks.

• Products containing PFAS will be phased out in our stores as soon as possible and no later than 1 September 2019.
• Coop will stop purchasing new supplies of products containing PFAS immediately.
• Coop has never used these harmful substances in our own brands such as Änglamark and Coop.

Why this ban:

The ban on fluorinated substances in personal care products happens in continuation of our complete ban of PFAS in food contact materials, textiles and home textiles in our own brands. Fluorinated substances have been associated with cancer, endocrine disruption, obesity, increased risk of miscarriage and a weakened immune system.

In recent Danish research, PFAS has been associated with inhibited growth in animal foetuses.  These substances are also distinguished by being extremely persistent and resistant to environmental degradation and therefore accumulate in humans, animals and the environment.

What is PFAS? Find out more here

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has recently recommended a lowering of the tolerated weekly exposure to the fluorinated substance PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid) by a factor of 1,750 and to PFOS (perfluoroctanyl sulfonate) by a factor of 80.

In November 2018, the Danish Environmental Protection Agency published a report that found PFAS or other organofluorine compounds in 17 cosmetic products. Six of the products exceeded the new limit ​​set in the EU chemicals legislation. The report concluded that none of the measured concentrations in the individual products posed a direct health risk to the consumer. However, a health risk cannot be excluded if the consumer simultaneously uses several cosmetic products containing PFAS.

Coop does not believe that PFAS substances should be used in any cosmetic products, as it is already  possible to manufacture makeup and skin care without these problematic compounds.

By being a front runner in banning these chemicals, we hope others will follow our lead and also instate a ban. This will help motivate the industry in phasing out the PFAS chemicals wherever possible.

Which PFAS substances are forbidden?

Beneath is a list of all PFAS known to be in use in the EU. These substances should all be declared on the packaging, which makes it possible for you as a consumer to avoid them:

Fluorinated substances found in cosmetics. Review of ingredient lists. Found in products in the TÆNK cosmetic app Kemiluppen, Denmark (March, 2018)

Cas nr. according to CosIng

Comments on product types (mainly)

PTFE (Teflon)

9002-84-0

shave gel, creams etc.

C9-15 fluoroalcohol phosphate

223239-92-7

BB, CC creams, foundations etc.

p´Polyperfluoromethylisopropyl ether

69991-67-9

Face creams (oily, rich creams)

Acetyl trifluoromethylphenyl valyglycine

379685-96-8

face creams

Tetradecyl aminobutyroylvalylaminobutyric urea trifluoroacetate

934368-60-2

serum,cream

Perfluorodecalin

306-94-5

Wet wipe

Perfluorononylethyl carboxydecyl PEG-10 dimethicone

-

face scrub

Perfluorooctylethyl triethoxysilane

101947-16-4

Foundation

Polyperfluoroisopropyl ether

-

face cream

Ammonium C6-16 perfluoroalkylethyl phosphate

65530-72-5 / 65530-71-4 / 65530-70-3

Foundation

Perfluorononyl dimethicone

-

Eyeliner

Perfluorooctyl triethoxysilane

51851-37-7

Foundation, BB-creams

Methyl perfluoroisobutyl ether

163702-08-7

Primer

Trifluoromethyl dechloro ethylprostenolamide

1005193-64-5

Mascara

Octafluoropentyl methacrylate

355-93-1

Hair products

Polyperfluoroethoxymethoxy difluoroethyl peg phosphate

-

Hairproducts

 

Which products contain PFAS?

PFAS compounds can be found in facial creams, BB and CC creams (day and night  creams and makeup creams), foundations, mascara, eyeliners and serums.

How can I review my personal care products?

Chose products with the Swan Label or use the check list above when you look through the ingredient list on you product. You can also use the app “Kemiluppen” provided by the Danish Consumer Council TÆNK. It contains information about more than 15,000 products that are available in Denmark, and also has information on fluorinated substances in cosmetics.

Is it dangerous or harmful to use the products I already have?

Using cosmetics containing PFAS pose no acute danger to you or your health. Coop has banned the substances as they contribute to the cocktail effect.

The cocktail effect is a term used to explain the collective impact of all the chemicals we are exposed to. Legislation makes sure that a given compound is only present in products in concentrations low enough to be safe. However, research has shown that a combination of several chemicals can have a negative health effect higher than the sum of each individual chemical even if each chemical adheres to legislation and only exists in very low concentrations. Therefore a combination of several safe products could have negative health effects.

Read more:

Article in Ingeniøren

https://ing.dk/artikel/faktor-1750-eu-erkender-fluorstof-fejl-saenker-anbefalinger-voldsomt-222758

Article from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA):

http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/press/news/181213

Report from Miljøstyrelsen:

https://mst.dk/service/nyheder/nyhedsarkiv/2018/nov/miljoestyrelsen-har-undersoegt-fluorstoffer-i-kosmetiske-produkter/